We can all agree that headache is annoying and can significantly interfere with your daily activities. Headache may happen as a result of secondary causes that reveal another health issue, but usually, headache is not serious.
1. Tension headache
- The most common type of headache.
- It causes constant pain that affects both sides of the head as if a tight band is tightened around it.
- It is not severe and probably will not interfere with your daily activities, though It may last for several days.
- There is no clear cause of tension headaches, but often it is linked to things such as stress, skipping your meal, dehydration, poor posture of sitting or sleeping.
- You can take pain relievers such as Panadol, Advil, and Ibuprofen to relieve the symptoms.
- Lifestyle changes such as getting regular sleep, avoiding stress, and staying hydrated may ease the symptoms.
- Less common than tension headache.
- It is characterized by severe throbbing pain in the front or side of the head.
- Symptoms may include feeling sick, vomiting, and increased sensitivity to light or sound.
- Migraine can prevent you from carrying out your normal daily activities, sometimes up to several days in each episode.
- Migraines in many cases can be treated with over-the-counter medications.
- But if the migraine attacks are very strong, you may need to consult a doctor to prescribe the appropriate treatment for you.
3. Cluster headache
- It is a rare type of headache.
- It is very painful and causes severe pain around one eye.
- It often occurs with other symptoms such as watery or red eyes, stuffy or runny nose.
- You will need to consult a doctor to prescribe medications to relieve pain and help protect you from having more attacks.
4. Headache due to overuse of medication
- Occurs as a result of chronic and excessive use of medicines to treat headaches.
- It affects women more than men and affects approximately 5% of the population.
- Often peaks upon waking.
Other causes of headache
Headaches can have various other causes such as:
- Head injury or concussion.
- Having a cold or the flu.
- Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) which affects the chewing muscles and the joints between the lower jaw and the base of the skull.
- Carbon monoxide poisoning.
8 tips to help you get rid of headaches
- Rest as much as you can.
- Take painkillers such as Panadol, Advil, and Ibuprofen
- Drink plenty of fluids.
- Relax, if stress is the cause.
- Do regular exercises.
- Avoid skipping meals.
- Do not sleep more than normal.
- Do not strain your eyes for a long time.
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